Integrating Social Responsibility in Business
Some initiatives which support the integration of CSR are:
The UN Global Compact is a call to companies to align strategies and operations with universal principles on human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption, and take actions that advance societal goals.
The UN Global Compact’s Ten Principles are derived from: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption.
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The core elements of sustainable development
a) Holistic approach:
Most scientists agree that a key purpose of sustainable development is to integrate ecological, economic and social concerns in decision-making processes in a balanced way. These concerns are often referred to as the three dimensions or pillars of sustainable development.
b) Time scale:
In the so-called “Brundtland Report” sustainable development is defined as “Development that meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs and aspirations”. This definition points to the challenge of integrating a short- and a long-term time horizon in decision-making. It is often referred to as the principle of inter-generational equity.
Continue reading “What does the sustainable development require?”
the sdg an their commitment in education
According to the UNDP – United Nations Development Programme until 2015, deadline date from the Millennium Development Goals MDG:
- The total enrollment rate in developing regions reached 91% but 57 million of children had still no access to education
- More than half the non-enrolled children live in sub-Saharan Africa
- Approximately 50% from the children not attending to school live in conflict-affected areas
- Worldwide 103 million young people have a minimum level of literacy, and more than 60% are women
According to Rachel Outhred, Education Metrics Lead and Senior Consultant at Oxford Policy Management (interview at JP-IK magazine January 2016), talking about Education, the MDG differ from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) as the latter focus more on quality, scope and equality, while not only in the enrollment and completion of studies. They also include an increased on the involvement of target countries and a focus on sustainability.
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The Sustainable Development Goals SDG
As many know, it was in year 2000 when de Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were enacted with the commitment of achievement by 2015. The MDG had the purpose of improvement of the conditions in eight specific topics: 1. Poverty; 2. Primary education; 3. Gender equality; 4. Child mortality; 5. Maternal health; 6. Special diseases; 7. Environmental sustainability; and 8. Partnership.
In order to give continuity to the commitments established by the MDG, on 25 September 2015, the UN enacted the Official Agenda for Sustainable Development outlining the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its associated 169 valid until 2030. The SDG are:
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Strategies to tackle Climate Change
The Climate Summit is over and it has produced what was called a successful agreement among almost all countries in the world. 186 from the 195 participant countries in the summit have already committed to make and implement national plans -and to review them every 5 years- to fight against climate change. The main points treated on the agreement are:
- The global temperature increase must remain below 2°C by the end of the century
- By the mid-century it should be reached an “equilibrium” among emissions and the capability to absorb them, mainly CO2
- It is a legal binding agreement. However the national emission reduction goals will not be binding.
- A finance of around USD 100.000 million for developing countries as of 2020
- It will be reviewed every 5 years
- Every country should made a national inventory of emissions to allow measurement, control and improvement.
According to the national plan strategies set on the table the result of their implementation will be still an increase of 3°C in the global temperature. Therefore the importance of stricter strategies which involve bigger commitment from all stakeholders, including business and civil society; the use of new technologies; and the national 5-year plan reviews. Some strategies from national plans will include some of following elements:
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How much CO2 is emitted to attend the UN climate change conference?
I know I may be a little bit skeptical and hard demanding, but I always wonder the real positive outcome from the yearly negotiations in the UN climate change conferences (COPs). For me, it always sounds like the same, Europe committing
reduce CO2 by substituting the use of oil with renewable energies; US, India and China trying to refuse to a boundary commitment; the developing countries demanding more “flexibility” and support to allow their development …
But I do not want to discuss about the outcomes from these conferences, but just wonder, if more than 150 State representatives (presidents, ministers…) travel to the conference -of course on an airplane-, how much CO2 does the attendance to the climate change conference produce then? which is its footprint?
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