CLEANER PRODUCTION STRATEGIES
Cleaner production is the approach taken from businesses to reduce the environmental impacts caused by their products or processes.
An strategy used for making production cleaner is through the use of cleaner technologies. Defined by the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) cleaner technologies are: “Technologies that extract and use natural resources as efficiently as possible in all stages of their lives; that generate products with reduced or no potentially harmful components; that minimise releases to air, water and soil during fabrication and use of the product; and that produce durable products which can be recovered or recycled as far as possible; output is achieved with as little energy input as is possible”.
Continue reading “The attractiveness of a cleaner production”
Some myths about waste, its disposal and recycling
- Disposing batteries as domestic waste is not a problem, so it is not necessary to dispose them in a special place.
Used batteries are characterized by a high content of reusable materials. These will be recovered through a special recycling process. By disposing them in a special place, it is avoided to pollute the environment with heavy metals such as Cadmium or Lead. Used batteries should therefore be arranged in special places for it, or in any store that sells batteries.
- Incineration plants need newspapers and PET bottles to reach the temperature required for combustion.
Continue reading “Myths about waste”
Another trick from the automobile industry?
Despite having the same exhaust system, some diesel cars emit more than twice nitrogen oxide than a trailer of 18 tons. And besides, it is legal. This is the case of Mercedes “C 220 CDI” with a nitrogen oxide emission of 643 mg/km compared to 250 mg/km from the cargo truck “Actros 1848”.
The reason is that to get the truck’s permission of use, a test under real conditions is carried out. By contrast, for the automobile the permission is gotten only by fulfilling theoretical values obtained from the laboratory.
Continue reading “Some cars pollute much more than trucks”
What is the difference between CSR and CSV?
CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) refers to the commitment the organizations acquire to act with responsibility towards the society and the environment. It does not imply only to make an effort to mend or reduce the damage caused by their activity, but also to contribute with positive extra impacts, for example through philanthropy.
According to Porter and Kramer (2011) CSV (Creating Shared Value) “presumes compliance with the law and ethical standards, as well as mitigating any harm caused by the business, but goes far beyond that. Continue reading “Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) vs Creating Shared Value (CSV)”
Integrating Social Responsibility in Business
Some initiatives which support the integration of CSR are:
The UN Global Compact is a call to companies to align strategies and operations with universal principles on human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption, and take actions that advance societal goals.
The UN Global Compact’s Ten Principles are derived from: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption.
Continue reading “Initiatives for CSR”
INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY
In October, it was celebrated the Catalonia Ecodesign Award 2015. Among the projects of interest in the area digital and sustainability, the following can be mentioned:
It’s a compact luminary with LED technology that offers high lighting efficiency and visual comfort on an elegant and compact design. It stands out because of integrating concepts of the circular economy like lengthen the useful lifecycle of the product and its design for dismantle.
It’s a technological system aimed to the optimisation of irrigation at the agricultural and gardening sector. It’s monitors and controls take into account meteorology and therefore provides the necessary water to the plants. It can be used by remote control from a computer, smartphone or tablet.
Continue reading “Ecodesign Award 2015”
Strategies to tackle Climate Change
The Climate Summit is over and it has produced what was called a successful agreement among almost all countries in the world. 186 from the 195 participant countries in the summit have already committed to make and implement national plans -and to review them every 5 years- to fight against climate change. The main points treated on the agreement are:
- The global temperature increase must remain below 2°C by the end of the century
- By the mid-century it should be reached an “equilibrium” among emissions and the capability to absorb them, mainly CO2
- It is a legal binding agreement. However the national emission reduction goals will not be binding.
- A finance of around USD 100.000 million for developing countries as of 2020
- It will be reviewed every 5 years
- Every country should made a national inventory of emissions to allow measurement, control and improvement.
According to the national plan strategies set on the table the result of their implementation will be still an increase of 3°C in the global temperature. Therefore the importance of stricter strategies which involve bigger commitment from all stakeholders, including business and civil society; the use of new technologies; and the national 5-year plan reviews. Some strategies from national plans will include some of following elements:
Continue reading “Beyond PARIS 2015 “